Section 1: Scope of application
The Recommendation should not apply only to scientific researchers but also to the research ecosystem as a whole. In the past, funders and institutions have sometimes abdicated responsibility for societal impact and passed it onto researchers, where it has been inadequately covered by research ethics requirements. The principles defined in this Recommendation should apply to all organisations or individuals with responsibility for different aspects of research, including educators, academics, funders, publishers, editors, peer reviewers, professional bodies, national academies, industry bodies and international organisations, as well as the researchers themselves. All such organisations and individuals should commit to supporting socially responsible science, including the principles of good governance and capacity building.
Revision recommendation: Broaden the scope to include all those involved in scientific research, rather than just researchers themselves.
Although the current wording recognises that, “the expression ‘the sciences’ signifies a complex of fact and hypothesis, in which the theoretical element is normally capable of being validated, and to that extent includes the sciences concerned with social facts and phenomena”, it would be better to clarify that these principles apply across the natural, applied, social, human and computer sciences – and to education in all these disciplines – without exception.
Revision recommendation: Further broaden the scope to refer to social and human sciences, computer sciences and science education in the same terms as natural and applied sciences.